THE STUDY OF CAPILLARITY ON SEVERAL DENTAL SOLUTIONS (AN IN VITRO STUDY)

  • Dragan Ilić Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Belgrade, Clinic for Dental Diseases, Belgrade
  • Biljana Anđelski Radičević Dental Medicine, University of Belgrade, General and Oral Biochemistry, Belgrade, Serbia.
Keywords: capillarity, chlorhexidine, distilled water, saline solution, ethуl alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, disinfectant

Abstract

Introduction. Having in mind existence of miniature spaces less than 500 microns within oral cavity (dental canalicular spaces, gaps, gingival sulcus), prone to food agglomeration and pathogenic microbes, the aim of this research was to measure the capillarity effect of the common dental solutions.
Material and methods. The next solutions were tested: distilled water – DW and saline solution – SS at the 20 and 380C; еthуl alcohol – EA, hydrogen peroxide – HP and chlorhexidine digluconatе – CHX, at different concentrations and with two temperature regimes (200 and 380C). Measurement of capillary effect was done by 0.4mm diameter capillary tube at nine samples of each solution. Statistic analysis was done by ANOVA and Tukey HSD test and 0.05 level of confidence.
Results. The highest rise of solution capillary column (200-380C) exposed 20% CHX (9,8mm) and the lowest for DW (0,6mm). The rise of solution column of 20% CHX was statistically significant in comparison to SS and 3% HP (p< 0,05).
Conclusion. Warming of all tested solutions to the level of 380C capillary effect is evident. The capillary power was significantly expressed at 20% CHX in comparison to the lower concentration (0.2% CHX). Dilution of 96% EA to lower value (70%) resulted in significantly lower capillary effect, but only at 380C.

References

Cunningham WT, Cole JS, Balekian AY. Effect of alcohol on the spreading ability of sodium hypochlorite endodontic irrigant. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1982; Sep 54(3): 333-5.

Lenzi TL, Guglielmi CA, Arana-Chavez VE, Raggio DP. Tubule density and diameter in coronal dentin from primary and permanent human teeth. Microsc Microanal. 2013; Dec 19(6): 1445-9.

Poggio C, Ceci M, Beltrami R, Colombo M, Dagna A. Viscosity of endodontic irrigants: Influence of temperature. Dent Res J (Isfahan). 2015; Sep-Oct 12(5): 425-30.

KavipranR, Galenika, Beograd, Srbija.

Dan L. Longo: T.R. Harrison Harrison’s principles of internal medicine. McGraw-Hill, New York, 2011.

California department of pesticide regulation public report 2007-4 Chlorhexidine gluconate Tracking ID Number 214338. http://www.cdpr.ca.gov/docs/registration/ais/publicreports/5961.pdf

Basrani B, Ghanem A, Tjäderhane L. Physical and chemical properties of chlorhexidine and calcium hydroxide-containing medications. J Endod. 2004; Jun 30(6): 413-7.

Pişkin B, Türkün M. Stability of various sodium hypochlorite solutions. J Endod. 1995; May 21(5): 253-5.

Rossi-Fedele G, Guastalli AR. Effect of an alcohol-based caries detector on the surface tension of sodium hypochlorite preparations. Braz Dent J. 2015; Jan-Feb 26(1): 66-8.

Nagesh A Bolla, Pragna M, Shruti N, Sarath R, Amarnath S. Effect of final irrigating solution on smear layer removal and penetrability of the root canal sealer. Journ Conserv Dentistry, 2014; Jan.-Feb. l, 17, 1: 40-4.

Pocket dentistry. 2015; Jan 31, | Posted by mrzezo in Dental Materials | Materials used in endodontics. http://pocketdentistry.com/

Pavlovic V, Zivkovic S. Chlorhexidine as a root canal irrigant. Antimicrobial and SEM evaluation. Srp Arh Celok Lek 2010; 138 (9-10): 557 DOI: 10.2298/SARH1010557P

Sleiman P. Sequence of Irrigation in Endodontics Oral Health. May 2005.

Published
2019-06-30
How to Cite
Ilić, D., & Anđelski Radičević, B. (2019). THE STUDY OF CAPILLARITY ON SEVERAL DENTAL SOLUTIONS (AN IN VITRO STUDY). Health Care, 48(2), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.5937/ZZ1902001I
Section
Articles