ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF VEGETARIAN NUTRITION
In the modern age, the most important motives for choosing vegetarianism are ethical, health, environmental and hedonistic. Family and cultural tradition also play an important role. Most studies indicate that cardiovascular and malignancies, as well as type 2 diabetes, are much less likely to occur in vegetarians than non-vegetarians. This diet leads to reduction of weight, hypertension and LDL cholesterol levels. However, the vegetarian diet may be associated with an insufficient intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, protein, calcium, zinc, iron, vitamin B12 and vitamin D. Health care professionals need to be familiar with vegetarianism well enough to properly advise patients on their dietary choices. Many guidelines for the proper conduct of vegetarianism, and in particular veganism, emphasize the need for fortified foods and sometimes dietary supplements. Because of all of the above, the aim of this paper was to analyse the advantages and disadvantages of vegetarianism.
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