THE IMPACT OF DEMOCRAPHIC AND SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS ON UNFULFILLED HEALTH NEEDS IN SERBIAN ADULT POPULATION
Introduction: The unmet need for health care is one of the key indicators for observation of the degree of inequality in access to health care, in the usage and implementation of the health care.
The aim: The aim of this study was to identify demographic and socioeconomic factors associated with unmet needs for health care in the adult population of Serbia.
Methods: The study is part of the National health survey of Serbia, a cross-sectional study conducted in year 2013 by the Ministry of health of Republic of Serbia on a representative stratified two-stage sample. For the purposes of this study, the data on households and population age 20 and over were used, so that the final sample for analysis entered 13 765 age 20 and over were.
Results: Unmet need was more common among women (29.7%), those citizens aged 60-69 years (32.3%), citizens with the lowest level of education (34.1%). Employment and financial status also had an impact on the realization of the need for health care. Namely, significantly higher percentage of respondents who conduct their work within the household (34.5%) and those who, according to their index of well-being, belong to the poorest part of the population (30.9%), failed to meet their needs for health care.
Conclusion: This study provides insight into the factors responsible for unmet needs for health care in the adult population of Serbia.
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