THE INFLUENCE OF NUTRITION IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF OSTEOPOROSIS IN PREGNANCY AND AFTER BIRTH

  • Tatjana Matejević Special Rehabilitation Hospital Ribarska Banja
  • Zvonko Dinić Special Rehabilitation Hospital Ribarska Banja
  • Aleksandar Matejević Worwag Pharma
  • Sonja Nejkov Center for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Clinical Center of Montenegro, Podgorica
  • Dragana Petrović Special Rehabilitation Hospital Ribarska Banja
  • Ljubomir Velimirović Special Rehabilitation Hospital Ribarska Banja
  • Dragan Veljković Special Rehabilitation Hospital Ribarska Banja

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a disease that is manifested by reduced bones density, and causes the porosity of bones. The consequence is the reduction of the amount of calcium, whose role is to normally ensure the strength of bones and bone tissues that regulate bone support function. Such fragile and porous bones are intensely sensitive to various physical stresses (knocks, falls). Osteoporosis is one of the main causes of serious disability.
Pregnancy is a condition followed by the occurrence of an increased need of fetus for calcium, for which the organism of the mother is adjusted by increased intestinal absorption, i.e. by mobilizing calcium from the bones. Although rarely, these two processes might lead to the development of osteoporosis and the formation of fractures, most often after the first pregnancy. However, it remains unclear whether osteoporosis in pregnancy is an excessive physiological adjustment of the mother, or the pregnant woman has already had a reduced bone density before.
Physical activity and nutrition are crucial in prevention and treatment of osteoporosis at any age.

References

Pearson D, Kaur M, San P, Lawson N, Baker P, Hosking D. Recovery of pregnancy mediated bone loss during lactation. Bone 2004; 34: 570-8.

Phillips AJ,Ostlere SJ, Smith R. Pregnancy-associated osteoporosis: does the skeleton recover? Osteop Int 2000; 11: 449-54.

Black AJ, Topping J, Durham B, Farquharson RG, Fraser WD. A detailed assessment of alterations in bone turnover, calcium homeostasis, and bone density in normal pregnancy. J Bone Miner Res, 2000; 15: 557-63.

Naylor KE, Iqbal P, Fledeluis C, Fraser RB, Eastel R. The effect of pregnancy on bone density and bone turnover. J Bone Miner Res, 2000; 15: 129-37.

Black AJ, Reid R, Reid DM, MacDonald AG, Fraser WD. Case report. Effect of pregnancy on bone mineral density and biochemical markers of bone turnover in a patients with juvenile idiopathic osteoporosis. J Bone Miner Res 2003; 18: 167-71.

Shoepe HA, Snow CM. Oral contraceptive use in young women is associated with lower bone mineral density than that of controls. Osteop Int 2005; 16(12): 1538-44.

Вујасиновић-Ступар Н. Остеопороза у трудноћи. Српски архив за целокупно лекарство. BIBLID:0354-2793, 136 (2008), Suppl 1, p. 44-47.

Published
2019-06-30
How to Cite
Matejević, T., Dinić, Z., Matejević, A., Nejkov, S., Petrović, D., Velimirović, L., & Veljković, D. (2019). THE INFLUENCE OF NUTRITION IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF OSTEOPOROSIS IN PREGNANCY AND AFTER BIRTH. Health Care, 48(2), 49-54. https://doi.org/10.5937/ZZ1902049M
Section
Articles